break up

verb
1. to cause to separate and go in different directions (Freq. 5)
-

She waved her hand and scattered the crowds

Syn: ↑disperse, ↑dissipate, ↑dispel, ↑scatter
Derivationally related forms: ↑scatter (for: ↑scatter), ↑scattering (for: ↑scatter), ↑dissipation (for: ↑dissipate), ↑dispersion (for: ↑disperse)
Hypernyms: ↑separate, ↑divide
Hyponyms: ↑disband
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s somebody

-

Something ——s somebody

2. discontinue an association or relation; go different ways (Freq. 3)
-

The business partners broke over a tax question

-

The couple separated after 25 years of marriage

-

My friend and I split up

Syn: ↑separate, ↑part, ↑split up, ↑split, ↑break
Derivationally related forms: ↑breakup, ↑break (for: ↑break), ↑split (for: ↑split), ↑separatist (for: ↑separate), ↑separation (for: ↑separate)
Hyponyms:
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s

3. come apart (Freq. 2)
-

the group broke up

Derivationally related forms: ↑breakup
Hypernyms: ↑separate, ↑part, ↑split
Hyponyms: ↑disband, ↑dissolve
Verb Frames:
-

Something ——s

-

Somebody ——s

4. break violently or noisily; smash (Freq. 1)
Syn: ↑crash, ↑break apart
Hypernyms: ↑disintegrate
Verb Group: ↑crash
Verb Frames:
-

Something ——s

-

Something is ——ing PP

5. make a break in (Freq. 1)
-

We interrupt the program for the following messages

Syn: ↑interrupt, ↑disrupt, ↑cut off
Derivationally related forms: ↑disruption (for: ↑disrupt), ↑interruption (for: ↑interrupt), ↑interrupter (for: ↑interrupt)
Hypernyms: ↑break, ↑break off, ↑discontinue, ↑stop
Hyponyms:
cut, ↑cut off, ↑punctuate, ↑break, ↑put away, ↑put aside, ↑pause, ↑intermit, ↑chime in, ↑cut in, ↑put in, ↑butt in, ↑chisel in, ↑barge in, ↑break in, ↑burst in on, ↑burst upon, ↑heckle, ↑interject, ↑come in, ↑interpose, ↑throw in, ↑inject, ↑jam, ↑block, ↑stop, ↑stop over, ↑take off, ↑take time off
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s

-

Somebody ——s something

-

Somebody ——s somebody

-

Something ——s somebody

-

Something ——s something

6. cause to go into a solution (Freq. 1)
-

The recipe says that we should dissolve a cup of sugar in two cups of water

Syn: ↑dissolve, ↑resolve
Derivationally related forms: ↑resolvent (for: ↑resolve), ↑dissolution (for: ↑dissolve), ↑dissolvent (for: ↑dissolve), ↑dissolver (for: ↑dissolve), ↑dissolving (for: ↑dissolve)
Hypernyms: ↑change integrity
Hyponyms: ↑melt, ↑run, ↑melt down, ↑cut
Cause: ↑dissolve
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s something

-

Something ——s something

7. suffer a nervous breakdown
Syn: ↑crack up, ↑crack, ↑crock up, ↑collapse
Derivationally related forms: ↑collapse (for: ↑collapse), ↑crack-up (for: ↑crack up)
Hypernyms: ↑suffer, ↑sustain, ↑have, ↑get
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s

8. set or keep apart
-

sever a relationship

Syn: ↑sever
Derivationally related forms: ↑severance (for: ↑sever)
Hypernyms: ↑separate, ↑disunite, ↑divide, ↑part
Verb Group: ↑discerp, ↑sever, ↑lop
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s something

-

Something ——s something

9. attack with or as if with a pickaxe of ice or rocky ground, for example
-

Pick open the ice

Syn: ↑pick
Derivationally related forms: ↑pick (for: ↑pick)
Hypernyms: ↑pierce
Entailment: ↑chop, ↑hack
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s something

10. release ice
-

The icebergs and glaciers calve

Syn: ↑calve
Hypernyms: ↑separate, ↑divide, ↑part
Verb Frames:
-

Something ——s

11. close at the end of a session
-

The court adjourned

Syn: ↑adjourn, ↑recess
Derivationally related forms: ↑recess (for: ↑recess), ↑adjournment (for: ↑adjourn)
Hypernyms: ↑end, ↑stop, ↑finish, ↑terminate, ↑cease
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s

-

Somebody ——s something

12. bring the association of to an end or cause to break up
-

The decree officially dissolved the marriage

-

the judge dissolved the tobacco company

Syn: ↑dissolve
Derivationally related forms: ↑dissolution (for: ↑dissolve)
Hypernyms: ↑end, ↑terminate
Verb Group: ↑dissolve, ↑dismiss
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s something

-

Something ——s something

13. come to an end
-

Their marriage dissolved

-

The tobacco monopoly broke up

Syn: ↑dissolve
Hypernyms: ↑end, ↑terminate
Verb Frames:
-

Something ——s

14. break or cause to break into pieces
-

The plate fragmented

Syn: ↑fragment, ↑fragmentize, ↑fragmentise
Derivationally related forms: ↑fragment (for: ↑fragmentize), ↑fragment (for: ↑fragment), ↑fragmentation (for: ↑fragment)
Hypernyms: ↑break, ↑separate, ↑split up, ↑fall apart, ↑come apart
Hyponyms:
atomize, ↑atomise, ↑grind, ↑mash, ↑crunch, ↑bray, ↑comminute, ↑pound, ↑sunder, ↑splinter, ↑sliver, ↑rag, ↑crumb, ↑brecciate, ↑crush, ↑grate
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s somebody of something

15. cause to separate
-

break up kidney stones

-

disperse particles

Syn: ↑disperse, ↑scatter
Hypernyms: ↑change integrity
Hyponyms: ↑backscatter
Verb Frames:
-

Something ——s

-

Somebody ——s something

-

Something ——s something

16. separate (substances) into constituent elements or parts
Syn: ↑decompose, ↑break down
Derivationally related forms: ↑decomposition (for: ↑decompose)
Topics: ↑chemistry, ↑chemical science
Hypernyms: ↑separate
Hyponyms: ↑digest, ↑dissociate, ↑crack
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s somebody

-

Something ——s something

17. destroy the completeness of a set of related items
-

The book dealer would not break the set

Syn: ↑break
Derivationally related forms: ↑breakable (for: ↑break)
Hypernyms: ↑change, ↑alter, ↑modify
Verb Group: ↑break
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s something

18. take apart into its constituent pieces
Ant: ↑assemble (for: ↑disassemble)
Derivationally related forms: ↑dismantlement (for: ↑dismantle), ↑dismantling (for: ↑dismantle)
Hypernyms: ↑destroy, ↑destruct
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s something

19. laugh unrestrainedly
Syn: ↑crack up
Hypernyms: ↑laugh, ↑express joy, ↑express mirth
Verb Frames:
-

Somebody ——s


Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Break — (br[=a]k), v. t. [imp. {broke} (br[=o]k), (Obs. {Brake}); p. p. {Broken} (br[=o] k n), (Obs. {Broke}); p. pr. & vb. n. {Breaking}.] [OE. breken, AS. brecan; akin to OS. brekan, D. breken, OHG. brehhan, G. brechen, Icel. braka to creak, Sw. braka …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Break — (br[=a]k), v. i. 1. To come apart or divide into two or more pieces, usually with suddenness and violence; to part; to burst asunder. [1913 Webster] 2. To open spontaneously, or by pressure from within, as a bubble, a tumor, a seed vessel, a bag …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • break — vb Break, crack, burst, bust, snap, shatter, shiver are comparable as general terms meaning fundamentally to come apart or cause to come apart. Break basically implies the operation of a stress or strain that will cause a rupture, a fracture, a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • break — ► VERB (past broke; past part. broken) 1) separate into pieces as a result of a blow, shock, or strain. 2) make or become inoperative; stop working. 3) interrupt (a continuity, sequence, or course). 4) fail to observe (a law, regulation, or… …   English terms dictionary

  • break — [brāk] vt. broke, broken, breaking [ME breken < OE brecan < IE base * bhreg > BREACH, BREECH, Ger brechen, L frangere] 1. to cause to come apart by force; split or crack sharply into pieces; smash; burst 2. a) …   English World dictionary

  • break — / brāk/ vb broke / brōk/, bro·ken, / brō kən/, break·ing, / brā kiŋ/ vt 1 a: violate transgress break the law …   Law dictionary

  • break — [n1] fissure, opening breach, cleft, crack, discontinuity, disjunction, division, fracture, gap, gash, hole, rent, rift, rupture, schism, split, tear; concepts 230,757 Ant. association, attachment, binding, combination, fastening, juncture break… …   New thesaurus

  • Break — (br[=a]k), n. [See {Break}, v. t., and cf. {Brake} (the instrument), {Breach}, {Brack} a crack.] 1. An opening made by fracture or disruption. [1913 Webster] 2. An interruption of continuity; change of direction; as, a break in a wall; a break in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • break-up — break ups also breakup 1) N COUNT: usu N of n, n N The break up of a marriage, relationship, or association is the act of it finishing or coming to an end because the people involved decide that it is not working successfully. Since the break up… …   English dictionary

  • break up — {v.} 1. To break into pieces. * /The workmen broke up the pavement to dig up the pipes under it./ * /River ice breaks up in the spring./ 2. {informal} To lose or destroy spirit or self control. Usually used in the passive. * /Mrs. Lawrence was… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • break up — {v.} 1. To break into pieces. * /The workmen broke up the pavement to dig up the pipes under it./ * /River ice breaks up in the spring./ 2. {informal} To lose or destroy spirit or self control. Usually used in the passive. * /Mrs. Lawrence was… …   Dictionary of American idioms

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